Wednesday, 3 February 2021

Object Oriented Programming (OOP)

What is Object Oriented Programming (OOP)?

Object-oriented programming or OOP is the computer programming language based on the concept of “objects”. An object can define as code and data, where code is a form of procedures also known as methods and data in the form of fields that has unique attributes or properties. Therefore the models use in advanced programming languages are functional programmings, structure programmings, and imperative programmings these are the method to object-oriented programmings which gives developers the option to combine this model.

Object-Oriented Programmings

Features of OOP

The object-oriented programmings can access and modify the data field by using an object’s own procedures that objects have a notion of “this” or “self”. The objects can be manipulated by developers or by the logic, but OOP only focuses on the object that developers want to manipulate. Therefore this concept is well suitable for programs that are large, actively, and complex maintained. The following other features are

  • Composition
  • Inheritance
  • Delegation
  • Dynamic Dispatch
  • Message Passing
  • Shared with Non-OOP Predecessor Languages
  • Objects and Classes
  • Class-Based
  • Prototype Based
  • Encapsulation
  • Polymorphism
  • Open Recursion

OOP  Languages

The most widely used programming languages they support by object-oriented programming are such as C++, Java, Python, etc, are multi-paradigm and they support greater or lesser degree, typically in combination with imperative and procedural programming. Therefore the significant object-oriented languages include Java, C++, C#, Python, R, Visual Basic .Net, PHP, Ruby, JavaScript, Object Pascal, Scala, Matlab, Perl, Swift, Objective-C, Kotlin, Dart, Smalltalk, and Common Lisp.

Benefits of Object-Oriented Programming

The following benefits of OOP are

  • Scalability
  • During using microservices the developers should be able to continue to apply principles of OOP.
  • Code Reusability
  • Efficiency

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