Friday, 20 August 2021

Interconnecting Devices

Interconnecting Devices

An Interconnecting devices is a network device. It used to transfer data from one computer to other computer with the help of network devices. There are five categories of interconnecting devices are such as.

  • Router 
  • Hubs 
  • Switches/Bridge 
  • Repeater 
  • BRouter


Repeater:

Now I am going to tell you the repeater is an electronic device that used to receive and send a signal. It amplifies the signal and noise. It provides transmission of the signal. 

HUB (Hyper User Bus): 

In this, it used to link several computers in the same network. It based on broadcasting, and it sends the data to all computers and repeats the signal which receives a signal from one port and copies to other port and traffic are high.

Bridge / Switch: 

In this, we can see the interconnecting devices which can divide a single network into two or more segment are called Bridge / Switch.  It has multiple ports like 2, 4, 16, and 32. The Switch maintains MAC-TABLE (MEDIA ACCESS CONTROL) and The Bridge maintain CAM-TABLE (CONTENT ADDRESSABLE MEMORY).

Router: 

The router is highly intelligent Interconnecting devices which connect two dissimilar networks. It defines the shortest and best path. It maintains a table is called RIT it uses a protocol like RIP, IGRP and EIGRP.

RIT - ROUTING INFORMATION TABLE 

RIP - ROUTING INFORMATION PROTOCOL 

IGRP – INTERIOR GATEWAY ROUTING PROTOCOL 

EIGRP - ENHANCED INTERIOR GATEWAY ROUTING PROTOCOL 


BRouter:

It is the combination of Bridge and Router, it will connect LAN & WAN. It provides a single network into two or more segment and shortest and best path. 

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